in: Loewe, Markus / Nicole Rippin (eds.), Translating an ambitious vision into global transformation: the 2030 agenda for sustainable development, Bonn: German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE), (Discussion Paper 7/2015), 33-36
Goal 4 is about ensuring inclusive and equitable quality education and promoting life-long learning opportunities for all. It is, in general, well-formulated. Unlike the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), it focusses predominantly on educational / learning outcomes and cognitive skills rather than school attendance and enrolment, thereby taking into serious consideration the recommendations made in recent years by the Education for All initiative and new empirical research. There is a slight bias towards the view of education as being a means to productivity and growth, as it focusses on creating skilled workers more than autonomous and self-confident persons. In particular, there is nothing specific about access to knowledge beyond schooling, such as, for instance, access to information (media, newspapers, internet, etc.) and culture. Although theoretically this goal is closely linked to Goal 5, as it emphasises the importance of gender equality in education, there is no overlap, as Goal 5 does not address the education dimensions explicitly.