Green hydrogen economy of tomorrow - (how) can developing and emerging countries benefit?
For a globally sustainable energy transition, an affordable supply of hydrogen and fuels based on it that are produced with low or no greenhouse gas emissions ("green hydrogen") is crucial. However, there is a lack of information on where green hydrogen can be produced on the required scale and under responsible conditions.
Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF)
2021 - 2024 / ongoing
Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft, University of Münster, Institute for Transformative Sustainability Research (IASS), Energy Systems Analysis Associates (ESA2), German Energy Agency (DENA) and GIZ
The BMBF-funded joint project "Global H2 potential atlas - sustainable locations in the world for the green hydrogen economy of tomorrow" (HYPAT) identifies and analyses possible partner countries for Germany. It is being carried out in cooperation with three institutes of the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft, the University of Münster, the Institute for Transformative Sustainability Research (IASS), Energy Systems Analysis Associates (ESA2), the German Energy Agency (DENA) and GIZ.
HYPAT will not only survey the worldwide techno-economic potentials and map the possible hydrogen supply chains, but also investigate the opportunities and risks for developing and emerging countries. This is the focus of the DIE project team's work: How can the development of a national hydrogen economy succeed that does not come at the expense of local energy supply and water availability? Which co-benefits of the production and use of green hydrogen can be used for the respective national development, for example through coupling effects that increase local value creation and employment? What economic policy paths are conceivable for different countries and what do these presuppose in terms of capital, technological competence and governance? What industrial policy strategies result from this analysis?
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Stamm, Andreas / Rita Strohmaier / Tilman Altenburg / Huri Ece Oyan / Katharina Thoms (2021)
Bonn: German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE), The Current Column of 22 September 2021