Others Publications

A global review of ecological fiscal transfers

Jonah Busch, Irene Ring, Monique Akullo et al.
External Publications (2021)

in: Nature Sustainability, first published 24.06.2021

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41893-021-00728-0
Information

Ecological fiscal transfers (EFT) transfer public revenue between governments within a country based on ecological indicators. EFT can compensate subnational governments for the costs of conserving ecosystems and in principle can incentivize greater ecological conservation. We review established EFT in Brazil, Portugal, France, China and India, and emerging or proposed EFT in ten more countries. We analyse common themes related to EFT emergence, design and effects. EFT have grown rapidly from US$0.35 billion yr−1 in 2007 to US$23 billion yr−1 in 2020. We discuss the scope of opportunity to expand EFT to other countries by ‘greening’ intergovernmental fiscal transfers.

Further experts

Aleksandrova, Mariya

Climate risk governance 

Banerjee, Aparajita

Environmental and Resource Sociology, Public Policy 

Dombrowsky, Ines

Economist 

Hein, Jonas

Geography 

Houdret, Annabelle

Political Scientist 

Lehmann, Ina

Political Science 

Schüpf, Dennis

Economics 

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