Donors, implementing agencies and DFI/PDB cooperation – The case of Germany: BMZ, GIZ, KfW and DEG

Erforth, Benedikt / Niels Keijzer
External Publications (2022)

Brüssel: European Think Tanks Group (ETTG), October 2022

Volltext/Full text

In Germany, the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) leads in coordinating the government’s bilateral development policy priorities and positions. These are then operationalised and carried out in the form of distinct interventions by implementing agencies. The article engages with the different dimensions of cooperation and coordination of the German development finance landscape.

About the authors

Keijzer, Niels

Social Science


Erforth, Benedikt

Political Science


Further experts

Fasold, Maximilian

Political Economy 

Hilbrich, Sören


Sommer, Christoph


Walle, Yabibal

Development Economics