Innovations for sustainability: pathways to an efficient and sufficient post-pandemic future

Nakicenovic, Nebojsa et al.
External Publications (2020)

3rd report prepared by The World in 2050 Initiative (TWI2050), Laxenburg: International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis

ISBN: 978-3-7045-0157-8

See also ins this context:

The World in 2050 (TWI2050)

Sustainable Development Pathways Achieving Human Welll-being while Safeguarding the Climate and Planet Earth (SHAPE)

Implementing the 2030 Agenda: Integrating Growth, Environment, Equality and Governance



This report, which focuses on innovation, is the third by The World in 2050 (TWI2050) initiative that was established by the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) and other partners to provide scientific foundations for the UN’s 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. This report is based on the voluntary and collaborative effort of more than 60 authors and contributors from about 20 institutions globally, who met virtually to develop science-based strategies and pathways toward achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Presentations of the TWI2050 approach and work have been made at many international conferences such as the United Nations Science, Technology and Innovation Forums and the United Nations High-level Political Forums.

Innovations for Sustainability: Pathways to an efficient and sufficient post-pandemic future assesses all the positive potential benefits innovation brings to sustainable development for all, while also highlighting the potential negative impacts and challenges going forward. The report outlines strategies to harness innovation for sustainability by focusing on efficiency and sufficiency in providing services to people, with a particular focus on consumption and production. It concludes with the related governance challenges and policy implications.


About the authors

Breuer, Anita

Political Scientist


Leininger, Julia

Political Scientist


Wingens, Christopher

Political Scientiest


Further experts

Bauer, Steffen

Political scientist 

Baumann, Max-Otto

Political Science 

Brandi, Clara

Economy and Political Science 

Droste, Leonie Marie

Political Science 

Gronen, Maria Elisabeth

Social Science 

Götze, Jacqueline

Political Scientist 

Hackenesch, Christine

Political Science 

Hilbrich, Sören


Hägele, Ramona

Political Scientist 

Iacobuta, Gabriela

Climate and sustainable development policy 

Janus, Heiner

Political Science 

Keijzer, Niels

Social Science 

Koch, Svea

Social Science 

Laudage, Sabine


Mathis, Okka Lou

Political Scientist 

Ndubuisi, Gideon


Schwachula, Anna


Srigiri, Srinivasa Reddy

Agricultural Economist 

Stamm, Andreas


Strohmaier, Rita


Thoms, Katharina


Vogel, Johanna

International Cultural Economy 

Vrolijk, Kasper


Wehrmann, Dorothea


Weinlich, Silke

Political Science