Making economies more sustainable: what role for industrial hubs?

Altenburg, Tilman / Kasper Vrolijk
External Publications (2021)

published on, 23.02.2021


We discuss the urgency of green structural transformation in developing countries and the role that industrial hubs can play in this process. We first itemize the different grounds for ‘greening’ industrial structures, then review the most practical green industrial policies, and conclude by appraising three green hubs: eco-cities, green clusters, and eco-industrial parks. Altogether our chapter brings to the fore that there is considerable leeway for developing countries to seek spatial and non-spatial green policies to reduce their ecological footprint whilst increasing competitiveness simultaneously. There are indeed distinct cost advantages in incorporating green incentives and technologies in new cities, clusters, and parks, rather than retrofitting them ex post.

About the authors

Altenburg, Tilman

Economic Geography


Vrolijk, Kasper



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