Modelling the interaction between climate mitigation and income inequality: the use of integrated assessment models and the case of India

Emmerling, Johannes / Daniele Malerba
External Publications (2022)

in: Breuer, Anita / Daniele Malerba / Srinivasa, Srigiri / Pooja Balasubramanian (eds.), Governing the interlinkages between the SDGs: approaches, opportunities and challenges, London: Routledge, 174-191

ISBN: 978-1-03-218465-4
Open access

This chapter discusses the main challenges to be solved in terms of integrating national inequality and redistribution in climate modelling; and considers the research on revenue recycling mechanisms from micro-macro level studies on climate policies. It explores the case of India, based on the availability of data, the prevalence of inequality today and the importance of mitigation and in particular of energy system decarbonization. The chapter further adds to the literature that uses integrated assessment models (IAMs) to address sustainable development goals (SDGs) and their links. By linking environmental and socio-economic systems, IAMs are in a good position to assess the long-term prospects of the 2030 Agenda. The chapter stresses how the interaction between climate policies and inequality needs to be sufficiently considered if a policy maker has the objective to mitigate global climate change and inequality simultaneously as in the SDGs.

About the author


Further experts

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Brandi, Clara

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Dippel, Beatrice


Donnelly, Aiveen

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Droste, Leonie Marie

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Ekoh, Susan S.

Environmental Research 

Goedeking, Nicholas

Comparative Political Economy 

Götze, Jacqueline

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Hackenesch, Christine

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Hilbrich, Sören


Hägele, Ramona

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Janus, Heiner

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Keijzer, Niels

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Koch, Svea

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Lehmann, Ina

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Mathis, Okka Lou

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Agricultural Economist 

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International Cultural Economy 

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