Others Publications

Normative, agitated, and rebellious femininities among East and Central African refugees

Jaji, Rose
External Publications (2015)

in: Gender, Place & Culture 22 (4), 494-509

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/0966369X.2014.885886

This article discusses femininities among East and Central African refugee women self-settled in Nairobi, Kenya. It argues that while normative approaches to refugee studies depict a homogeneous refugee femininity inherently synonymous with vulnerability and ‘victimhood,’ femininity among refugee women in Nairobi is heterogeneous, fluid, and complex. It is premised on individual refugee women's marital statuses in relation to economic situation. The article argues that femininity is a constraint in some instances and a resource in others, such that what exists among the refugee women is not a single femininity but a continuum of femininities. Specifically, the article conceptualizes femininity under three categories, namely: normative, agitated, and rebellious femininities.

About the author

Further experts

Christ, Simone

Social Anthropology 

Dippel, Beatrice


Ekoh, Susan S.

Environmental Research 

Flaig, Merlin

Social Science 

Friesen, Ina

Political Science 

Kuhnt, Jana

Development Economist 

Martin-Shields, Charles

Political Science 

Roll, Michael


Sowa, Alina


Zintl, Tina

Political Scientist 


Cornelia Hornschild
Publication Coordinator

E-mail Cornelia.Hornschild@idos-research.de
Phone +49 (0)228 94927-135
Fax +49 (0)228 94927-130

Alexandra Fante
Librarian/ Open Access Coordinator

E-Mail Alexandra.Fante@idos-research.de
Telefon +49 (0)228 94927-321
Fax +49 (0)228 94927-130