The Paris Agreement and the Sustainable Development Goals: evolving connections

Dzebo, Adis / Gabriela Iacobuţă, / Raphaëlle Beaussart
External Publications (2023)

Stockholm: Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI)

Open access

There is growing evidence that climate action necessitates a transition that addresses all dimensions of sustainability. Similarly, the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) of the 2030 Agenda cannot be successfully implemented without strong action on climate change. The NDC-SDG Connections tool, developed jointly by SEI and the German Institute of Development and Sustainability (IDOS), shows how activities in countries’ Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) connect to all 17 SDGs. NDC-SDG Connections allows users to explore how NDC activities (i.e. statements identifying a strand of future activity, conditional or unconditional on financial support) connect to the ambitions of the 17 SDGs and their 169 targets, both globally and for individual countries and country groupings. It reveals how NDCs directly contribute to the SDGs and that they are essentially both climate action plans and sustainable development strategies at the same time. This policy brief, which builds on updated data from NDC-SDG Connections, presents a comparative analysis of how NDCs have developed over time with regards to the 2030 Agenda. It concludes with policy recommendations.

About the author

Iacobuta, Gabriela

Climate and sustainable development policy


Further experts

Aleksandrova, Mariya

Climate risk governance 

Baumann, Max-Otto

Political Science 

Brandi, Clara

Economy and Political Science 

Dippel, Beatrice


Donnelly, Aiveen

Politcal Science 

Ekoh, Susan S.

Environmental Research 

Goedeking, Nicholas

Comparative Political Economy 

Götze, Jacqueline

Political Scientist 

Hackenesch, Christine

Political Science 

Janus, Heiner

Political Science 

Keijzer, Niels

Social Science 

Koch, Svea

Social Science 

Lehmann, Ina

Political Science 

Mathis, Okka Lou

Political Scientist 

Never, Babette

Political Scientist 

Pegels, Anna


Schwachula, Anna


Srigiri, Srinivasa Reddy

Agricultural Economist 

Vogel, Johanna

International Cultural Economy 

von Haaren, Paula

Development Economics