in: Johannes Muntschick (ed.), Regionalism in Africa and external partners, Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 127-154
In 2014, Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauretania and Niger established a new regional organisation—the G5 Sahel (“le groupe de cinq pays du Sahel”). This chapter examines and explains the creation of the G5 Sahel. It also analyses the role the European Union and its member states played in promoting the establishment and evolution of the regional organisation. The analysis finds that a regional power vacuum, demands from the G5 Sahel member states, and vital support by the EU and its member states are key explanatory factors for the creation of the G5 Sahel.