Externe Publikationen

Kick-starting diffusion: explaining the varying frequency of PTAs’ environmental clauses by their initial conditions

Morin, Jean-Frédéric / Dominique Blümer / Clara Brandi / Axel Berger
Externe Publikationen (2019)

in: World Economy 42 (9), 2602-2628

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/twec.12822
Information

An increasingly comprehensive set of environmental provisions is being integrated in preferential trade agreements (PTAs). Interestingly, while a number of these environmental provisions are included only rarely, others are duplicated in more than 100 PTAs. We still lack a convincing explanation for the conditions that fuel the uptake of specific provisions. This paper contributes to the growing literature on the design, interaction, and diffusion of international institutions and introduces two key innovations. First, our level of analysis is the provision level rather than the agreement level. Second, while the diffusion literature typically tries to explain how diffusion occurs, we investigate what makes diffusion more likely. We hypothesise that the initial conditions – relating both to agency and institutional factors – under which provisions first emerge determine the scope of their diffusion. Our results indicate that provisions originating from intercontinental agreements diffuse more often, and provisions first introduced by environmentally credible countries are more frequently duplicated than provisions introduced by economically powerful countries.

Weitere Expert*innen zu diesem Thema

Altenburg, Tilman

Wirtschaftsgeographie 

Berensmann, Kathrin

Wirtschaftswissenschaften 

Gitt, Florian

Ökonomie 

Inacio da Cunha, Marcelo

Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Geographie 

Kornher, Lukas

Ökonomie 

Never, Babette

Politikwissenschaftlerin 

Pegels, Anna

Ökonomin 

Vogel, Tim

Ökonomie 

Kontakt

Cornelia Hornschild
Koordinatorin Publikationen

E-Mail Cornelia.Hornschild@idos-research.de
Telefon +49 (0)228 94927-135
Fax +49 (0)228 94927-130

Alexandra Fante
Bibliothekarin/Open Access-Koordinatorin

E-Mail Alexandra.Fante@idos-research.de
Telefon +49 (0)228 94927-321
Fax +49 (0)228 94927-130