in: Jürgen Hofmann / D. Battogtokh (eds.), Kharaa-Yeröö River Basin Atlas, 2nd ed., Ulaanbaatar, Berlin, 232-236
Since 1990, when the transition to a market economy began in Mongolia, a great number of political, economic, and socio-environmental changes have occurred. With respect to natural resources, these changes included the rapid development of the mining sector and the expansion of domestic water use due to increased urbanization, the expansion of livestock farming and irrigation projects, and the increase of deforestation. These changes together with climate change have in turn resulted in drastic pressures in terms of water, including conflicts and steadily increasing water pollution and demand, while water use is insufficiently monitored and water availability partially unknown. In this chapter, we seek to explain the main components of the legal framework regulating water management and use in the Mongolian context.