ERD 2012: European Report on Development

ERD 2012’s overarching question is: What does the evidence tell us about the appropriate roles of the public and private sector in managing natural resources for inclusive and sustainable growth in the context of increased scarcity and climate change?

Imme Scholz

Dirk Willem te Velde (ODI)
James Mackie (ECDPM)

Ines Dombrowsky


European Commission

2010 - 2012 / Abgeschlossen


Overseas Development Institute (ODI)
European Centre for Development Policy Management (ECDPM)


By 2030 demand for food, water and energy is expected to rise by 30-40%. This is due to population growth and to a growing middle class in emerging and developing nations. At the same time, impacts of climate change and overuse of natural resources are creating new risks for food production and security as well as for water availability. Addressing energy poverty from the perspective of renewable energy technologies also gives rise to tensions – be it that scarce land is used for the production of biofuels (instead of food) or that scarce water is used for hydropower (with the risk of resettlements and potential harm to ecosystems and species).

Please download here the Leitet Herunterladen der Datei einERD 2012 (full version in English) as well as the ERD 2012 Leitet Herunterladen der Datei einexecutive summary in English and Leitet Herunterladen der Datei einGerman.

To put this question into a sharper focus, ERD 2012 is divided into three main parts:

  1. Context, concepts and frameworks: with attention on the land-water-energy nexus, including such issues as resource-efficient production, water access for productive uses, threats to food security, land acquisitions, and biofuels.
  2. Case studies: illustrating resource scarcity, the major transitions outlined under the land-water-energy nexus, as well as the move towards a global low-carbon world by promoting energy efficiency and renewable energy.
  3. Policy implications: pulling together evidence and trends from the case studies that outline best practices and roles for the private sector and options for public-sector engagement, from concrete regulations/subsidies/taxes and punitive steps, to cooperative initiatives including public-private partnerships leading to better natural resource management.

The European Report on Development (ERD), drawing from economics, political and social sciences, is the main tangible output of the initiative "Mobilizing European Research for Development Policies" by the European Commission and some EU member states, and a counterpart to the major international global reports on development issues.

The first ERD "Overcoming Fragility in Africa – Forging a new European Approach" was released in October 2009 at the European Development Days in Stockholm. The ERD 2010 builds on the same research and financial "architecture" as the ERD 2009, with a focus on social protection, in particular within Sub-Saharan Africa. The third edition of the European Report on Development to be issued in 2011 is to be elaborated by a team of qualified researchers. It will include the definition of a set of activities of research and policy dialogue.

The European Report on Development is funded by the European Commission and seven member states (Finland, France, Germany, Luxembourg, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom) and implemented by the Overseas Development Institute (ODI), the German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE) and the European Centre for Development Policy Management (ECDPM).