Partnerships for policy transfer: how Brazil and China engage in triangular cooperation with the United Nations

Partnerships for policy transfer: how Brazil and China engage in triangular cooperation with the United Nations

Download PDF 1,25 MB

Waisbich, Laura Trajber / Sebastian Haug
Discussion Paper 15/2022

Bonn: German Institute of Development and Sustainability (IDOS)

ISBN: 978-3-96021-193-8
DOI: https://doi.org/10.23661/idp15.2022

This paper offers a comparative analysis of Brazilian and Chinese partnerships with the United Nations (UN) as a mechanism and channel for policy transfer. In international policy travel flows, China and Brazil currently hold privileged places as hubs from which development-related policies travel and through which they circulate. Both countries have invested in systematising their development experience and transferring development policies within their regions and beyond – often through triangular cooperation, i.e. South–South cooperation supported by third actors such as UN entities. So far, however, this variegated engagement has remained under the radar of scholarly attention. To address this gap, we examine 35 policy transfer partnerships – 17 for Brazil and 18 for China – forged with different parts of the UN system over the last two decades. In order to offer a first systematic account of partnership trajectories, we provide an overview of partnership types (namely projects, programmes and policy centres) and transfer dimensions (including the policies themselves, transfer agents and governance arrangements). Our comparative mapping presents an evolving landscape: while Brazil was first in institutionalising robust policy transfer partnerships with numerous UN entities and then slowed down, China started more cautiously but has significantly expanded its collaboration with the UN system since 2015. The partnerships analysed cover a substantial range of sectors, with a particular focus – for both Brazil and China – on agricultural policies. While Brazilian partnerships with the UN primarily engage with linkages between agriculture and social protection, however, China–UN partnerships focus more on productivity and market linkages. As the first comprehensive mapping and comparative analysis of Brazilian and Chinese policy transfer partnerships with the UN, this paper contributes to a better understanding of (triangular) cooperation schemes between international organisations and their member states, as well as debates about how policies deemed as successful travel around the globe.

Über den Autor

Haug, Sebastian

Politikwissenschaft

Haug

Weitere Expert*innen zu diesem Thema

Baumann, Max-Otto

Politikwissenschaft 

Bergmann, Julian

Politikwissenschaft 

Erforth, Benedikt

Politikwissenschaft 

Esser, Daniel

Entwicklungsstudien, Humangeographie 

Grimm, Sven

Politologie 

Hackenesch, Christine

Politikwissenschaft 

Janus, Heiner

Politikwissenschaft 

Keijzer, Niels

Sozialwissenschaft 

Klingebiel, Stephan

Politikwissenschaft 

Koch, Svea

Sozialwissenschaft 

Löpelt, Sarah

Internationale Umwelt- und Entwicklungspolitik 

Olekseyuk, Zoryana

Ökonomie 

Reiners, Wulf

Politikwissenschaft 

Weinlich, Silke

Politikwissenschaft 

Wisskirchen, Alma

Politikwissenschaft