in: DIE-FIIA-KAS Series on 'The external dimension of the European Green Deal - prospects of cooperation with (re)emerging powers'
The European Green Deal can be considered as a roadmap of key policies for the EU's climate agenda, based on which the Commission has started, and will continue to develop, legislative proposals and strategies from 2020 onwards. The European Green Deal aims at transforming the EU’s economy towards sustainability and carbon neutrality. First and foremost, it defines internal plans and strategies for the EU that will also have global effects. Directed at internal transformation, this ambitious plan can make Europe a role model and a global leader, but it also involves domestic and external challenges. For promoting the global public good, the EU will need partners to jointly work with. This paper provides an overview of the core elements of the Green Deal and connects them to concepts of EU leadership. On this basis, it examines the need and entry points for EU cooperation with major global partners and (re)emerging economies, including China, Brazil, India, Indonesia, Mexico, Russia, and South Africa. The authors argue that the success of the European Green Deal depends on close coordination with these powers and finds that the legitimacy and credibility of the EU's climate leadership can only be ensured by engaging intensively with actors from the Global South and with the various centres of an increasingly multipolar world.