Trade and the environment: drivers and effects of environmental provisions in trade agreements

Brandi, Clara / Jean-Frédéric Morin
Books (2024)

Earth System Governance Elements Series, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 978-1-00-946182-5
Open access

The mushrooming of trade agreements and their interlinkages with environmental governance calls for new research on the trade and environment interface. The more than 700 existing preferential trade agreements (PTAs) include ever more diverse and far-reaching environmental provisions. While missed opportunities remain and harmful provisions persist, numerous environmental provisions in PTAs entail promising potential. They promote the implementation of environmental treaties and cover numerous environmental issues. New concepts, data, and methods, including detailed content analysis across multiple institutions, are needed to explain these interlinkages and understand whether and how PTAs with environmental provisions can contribute to tackling global environmental challenges. Making use of the most extensive coding of environmental provisions in PTAs to date and combining quantitative data with qualitative analyses, this Element provides a comprehensive yet fine-grained picture of the drivers and effects of environmental provisions in PTAs. This title is also available as Open Access on Cambridge Core.

About the author

Brandi, Clara

Economy and Political Science


Further experts

Aleksandrova, Mariya

Climate risk governance 

Banerjee, Aparajita

Environmental and Resource Sociology, Public Policy 

Berger, Axel

Political Science 

Dombrowsky, Ines


Gitt, Florian


Hein, Jonas


Hernandez, Ariel


Houdret, Annabelle

Political Scientist 

Lehmann, Ina

Political Science 

Olekseyuk, Zoryana


Schoderer, Mirja

Environmental Research 

Schüpf, Dennis


Stender, Frederik


Vogel, Tim