in: Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability 65, article 101360
Countries affected by conflict and fragility are disproportionately affected by climate crises that are not of their making. Calls for Just Transitions (JTs) to post-carbon societies are accelerating, with scholarly attention to these contexts. This article critically reviews literature on JTs and environmental peacebuilding for insights and evidence to build a foundation for more informed analysis and action. We argue that durable transition pathways in such contexts require a transformative, political economy lens. Such a lens goes beyond a focus on adaptation, seeking solutions that address the root causes across crises, supporting accountability and financial responsibility for climate crisis consequences, and framing action around measures that build transformative resilience at multiple scales.