Just transitions and resilience in contexts of conflict and fragility: the need for a transformative approach

McCandless, Erin / Alexia Faus Onbargi
External Publications (2023)

in: Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability 65, article 101360

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cosust.2023.101360
Open access

Countries affected by conflict and fragility are disproportionately affected by climate crises that are not of their making. Calls for Just Transitions (JTs) to post-carbon societies are accelerating, with scholarly attention to these contexts. This article critically reviews literature on JTs and environmental peacebuilding for insights and evidence to build a foundation for more informed analysis and action. We argue that durable transition pathways in such contexts require a transformative, political economy lens. Such a lens goes beyond a focus on adaptation, seeking solutions that address the root causes across crises, supporting accountability and financial responsibility for climate crisis consequences, and framing action around measures that build transformative resilience at multiple scales.

About the authors

McCandless, Erin

Peacebuilding & Governance

Faus Onbargi, Alexia

Political Science

Faus Onbargi

Further experts

Aleksandrova, Mariya

Climate risk governance 

Brandi, Clara

Economy and Political Science 

Dippel, Beatrice


Donnelly, Aiveen

Politcal Science 

Ekoh, Susan S.

Environmental Research 

Erforth, Benedikt

Political Science 

Fiedler, Charlotte

Political Scientist 

Furness, Mark

Political Science 

Goedeking, Nicholas

Comparative Political Economy 

Hägele, Ramona

Political Scientist 

Kuhnt, Jana

Development Economist 

Lehmann, Ina

Political Science 

Lorch, Jasmin

Political Science 

Malerba, Daniele


Martin-Shields, Charles

Political Science 

Mathis, Okka Lou

Political Scientist 

Mross, Karina

Political Science 

Never, Babette

Political Scientist 

Pegels, Anna


Ruppel, Samantha

Political Science 

Srigiri, Srinivasa Reddy

Agricultural Economist