Rural-urban migration in West Africa: contexts, trends and recommendations

Dick, Eva / Benjamin Schraven
External Publications (2021)

in: Global Knowledge Partnership on Migration and Development (KNOMAD), Policy Brief (February 2021)

Volltext/Full text

Rural-urban migration constitutes the principal pattern of internal and cross-border migration in West Africa. In alignment with environmental and health agendas, its drivers and effects need to be explicitly accounted for in migration and urbanization policies. For example, that households use rural-urban migration as a risk-diversification and livelihood strategy is a key consideration. Highly vulnerable migrant populations such as children, women, the elderly, or the forcibly displaced should receive particular attention.

About the authors

Dick, Eva

Sociologist and Spatial Planner


Schraven, Benjamin

Political Scientist


Further experts

Asimeng, Emmanuel Theodore

Urban Planning, Sustainability 

Bolmer, Ann-Magret

Political Science 

Christ, Simone

Social Anthropology 

Ekoh, Susan S.

Environmental Research 

Flaig, Merlin

Social Science 

Gronen, Maria Elisabeth

Social Science 

Gutheil, Lena

Cultural Anthropology 

Jaji, Rose


Jauregui Fung, Franco

Architecture, Urban Agglomerations 

Kuhnt, Jana

Development Economist 

Martin-Shields, Charles

Political Scientist 

Zumegen, Lisa

Urban Transformation